Forest management aims to guarantee the forest’s sustainable economic, social and environmental purpose. Legal logging reduces carbon emissions from wanton forest degradation and will enhance forest carbon stock.
Sustainability is also enhanced through the promotion of silviculture. There are many different types of silviculture using different methods of tree cutting – selective cutting, clear cutting, strip cutting – but they are all practised with a view to tending forest rather than seeing it simply as a material resource.
With good regulation in place, the economy benefits, not just from the money that can be reinvested from the taxation of legal timber, or from the earnings going directly to the local communities, but also businesses who can invest in the production process and increased skills and capacity.
FLEGT gives access to global markets and helps the economic development of the country.
Social forestry tackles the issues of landscape and ownership, improves the skills and knowledge of local people and considers the different scales of community management.